Asia Pacific Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences Asia Pacific Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences en-US Copyright holder is the Bukidnon State University. (Dr. Bevery B. Bicar) Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Role of Decision-Making Dynamics and Farm Participation in Succession: The Case of Philippine Coffee Farming Households <p>Succession is crucial to ensure agricultural sustainability, food security, and rural development in the agriculture sector. Existing succession studies focus on analyzing how demographics, farm, and social characteristics affect the likelihood of having a successor. There is scarce literature on how household members' decision-making involvement and farm participation affect the likelihood of succession. The effect of access to agricultural services was also examined in this study.&nbsp; A Probit model was used in the analysis using information from 755 coffee farming households in nine (9) regions of the Philippines. Our result shows that gender-specific farm activity participation is more important than the degree of decision-making involvement in the likelihood of farm succession. To increase the likelihood of farm succession, any interventions and extensions should include a component that enhances youth participation in the actual farm activities. Membership of head to an agricultural organization, and women's access and participation in training enhance succession. The study supplements theoretical literature on farm succession by providing measurements on inclusive farm activity participation, decision-making within the household, and how it affects farm succession likelihood. A critical factor that should be considered in analyzing farm succession.</p> Roperto Jr Sumeblan Deluna (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Perceived Factors on the Performance of Graduates in the Licensure Examination <p>Passing the licensure examination indicates the quality of education offered by an institution. A country requires this to its graduates to ascertain the effectiveness of jobs and employment that are vital to a countrys development. This study investigated factors affecting students performance in the licensure examination at one university in Mindanao, Philippines. The study employed a descriptive-survey research design utilizing Perceived Causes of Academic Failure Inventory (PCAFI) to help pinpoint factors and causes that contributed to the performance of graduates during the board examination. Results of the study showed that problems with<br>the learning environment, specifically on “Many things to memorize,” and problems with the content examination, specifically on “Examination was very stressful,” were identified as the key factors of their performance in the licensure examination. The study recommended intervention programs and mechanisms in improving the conduct of board examination review programs in the university, which primarily address reducing test anxiety while improving test-taking skills and study strategies. It further recommended conducting studies using other designs and variables to ensure a more comprehensive understanding of results relative to students performance in the licensure examination.</p> DONNIE MARASIGAN TULUD, Mirasol O. Verona, Ronel A. Naringahon (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Social Capital on the Resilient Capacity of Cooperatives <p>This paper is an exploratory study that aims to identify, describe, and compare the level of social capital on two types of cooperatives that have existed for a long time. The factors are determined by examining the structure of the organization and the members social capital. There were 120 respondents who were interviewed using the survey questionnaire to determine the members socio-demographic characteristics and ascertain the members level of social capital. A concurrent mixed method was used in the gathering and analysis of data. This study found that the member-respondents of the cooperatives have shown a high level of social capital in three dimensions: trust, norms, and reciprocity; networks and collective actions; and information and empowerment. However, the result of the T-test shows a significant difference between cooperatives in two dimensions: 1) trust, norms, and reciprocity, and 2) networks and collective actions. An examination of the profile of the organizations and their members revealed that the members ethnicity, religiosity, close family ties, and neighborliness may have contributed to a significant difference in these dimensions. Furthermore, the factors mentioned were found to impact how the cooperatives respond to, cope with, and mitigate threats, crises, and disasters. Furthermore, between cooperatives, better social capital is associated with better resiliency. This study recommends a more robust network affiliation with cooperatives in Bukidnon, Philippines and other cooperatives in the locale. It also recommends that the cooperatives may conduct routine risk assessments and create innovative ways to sustain the members social capital.</p> Rotchel labadan Amigo, Chona Patricia R. Echavez (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Assessing the Impact of Community Extension Initiatives: Insights and Outcomes <p>An integrated extension approach is needed to address multi-faceted community issues effectively&nbsp;(Gonzalez, 2009). This paper assessed the impact of extension projects of Bukidnon State University on the residents at Barangay Can-ayan, Malaybalay City. A descriptive-evaluative method was used. Purposive sampling of 49 participants was employed in the study. Frequency and percentages were used as statistical tool. Results showed that the extension projects have contributed to the partner community especially in enhancing the knowledge and skills of the residents. The participants also believed that they have gained and learned many skills through the extension projects. The need to further improve and enhance the extension projects was identified by majority of the participants&nbsp;to&nbsp;sustainably empower the people in the community. Recommendations to continuously explore on collaborative strategies in the development of a strategic framework for institutional linkages, with particular emphasis on impactful poverty alleviation programs for the socio-economic development of its partner communities was likewise proposed.</p> Jiemalyn Baquiler Paulican, Helen P. Garcia (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Capacity Development Agenda on the Devolution Transition Plans of Local Government Units in Southern Philippines <p>This research investigated the imminent full devolution of services in the Philippines following the “Mandanas-Garcia Ruling” in 2018 and concretized by the E.O 138 in 2021, which augments local governments share in national tax revenue, bolstering their capacity and accountability. This study focused on the Southern part of the Philippines, specifically examining Local Government Units (LGUs) preparedness for expanded responsibilities. Employing a document analysis approach, the research evaluated the LGUs capacity status and delineated common and unique Capacity Development (CapDev) agendas in infrastructure, tourism, health, social welfare, and agriculture. Findings indicated that LGUs currently exhibit “low capacity,” signifying a basic capability of 20-39%, necessitating substantial interventions from national government agencies. The matrix of CapDev agendas underscored shared needs among LGUs. The study concluded by proposing indicative CapDev priorities to assist LGUs in prioritizing interventions effectively. This research contributed valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities associated with the devolution process in the Philippines, with implications for policy and practice in local governance.</p> Lalevie Casas Lubos, Loraine Asuncion Añasco, Christine Balatero Tenorio, Yammie Palao Daud (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 May 2024 03:03:22 +0000 Enhancing Academic Success through Utilization of Library Resources in a Public University in the Philippines <p>The library is a pillar in shaping the academic landscape offering a wealth of resources and services for student learning. This study correlated library resource use with undergraduate academic performance, sampling 800 clients across academic years 2015-2016 and 2018-2019. It examined the frequency of library resource use in relation to students GWA, deans list achievement, and board exam passing rates. Findings showed a strong positive correlation between GWA and the frequency with which library resources were used. It was discovered that students used the library to check out books, periodicals, and internet resources. The frequency of accessing library resources and making it to the deans list were significantly correlated. Students used the library to read, research, and prepare for tests and quizzes as part of their course requirements. Additionally, this study found a strong and moderately favorable correlation between students success on licensing exams and how frequently they used the librarys service like utilizing library resources, such as reviewers and references, to enhance their understanding of what is required to carry out requirements and activities. This study, conducted in the southern region of the Philippines, provides fresh perspective on the evolving dynamics and regional nuance of library use that goes beyond the traditional services.</p> Chandrani Yves Ejem Estrada, Florence Veneranda O. Gutierrez, Maribel G. Valdez, Reysa C. Alenzuela (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000